Financial Hardship After Traumatic Injury: Risk Factors and Drivers of Out-of-Pocket Health Expenses

O’Neill, K. M., Jean, R. A., Gross, C. P., Becher, R. D., Khera, R., Elizondo, J. V., Nasir, K.

BACKGROUND: Trauma-related disorders rank among the top five most costly medical conditions to the health care system. However, the impact of out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenses for traumatic conditions is not known. In this cross-sectional study, we use nationally representative data to investigate whether patients with a traumatic injury experienced financial hardship from OOP health expenses. METHODS: Using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey from 2010 to 2015, we analyzed the financial burden associated with a traumatic injury. Primary outcomes were excess financial burden (OOP>20% of annual income) and catastrophic medical expenses (OOP>40% of annual income). A multivariable logistic regression analysis evaluated whether these outcomes were associated with traumatic injury, adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic, and health care factors. We then completed a descriptive analysis to elucidate drivers of total OOP expenses. RESULTS: Of the 90,964 families in the cohort, 6434 families had a traumatic injury requiring a visit to the emergency room and 668 families had a traumatic injury requiring hospitalization. Overall 1 in 8 households with an injured family member requiring hospitalization experienced financial hardship. These families were more likely to experience excess financial burden (OR: 2.04, 95% CI: 1.13-3.64) and catastrophic medical expenses (OR: 3.08, 95% CI: 1.37-6.9). The largest burden of OOP expenses was due to prescription drug costs, with inpatient costs as a major driver of OOP expenses for those requiring hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: Households with an injured family member requiring hospitalization are significantly more vulnerable to financial hardship from OOP health expenses than the noninjured population. Prescription drug and inpatient costs were the most significant drivers of OOP health expenses.

Topic(s): Economic Burden
Health Condition(s): General/non-specific
Year Published: 2020
UAB the University of Alabama at Birmingham home
UAB is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer committed to fostering a diverse, equitable and family-friendly environment in which all faculty and staff can excel and achieve work/life balance irrespective of race, national origin, age, genetic or family medical history, gender, faith, gender identity and expression as well as sexual orientation. UAB also encourages applications from individuals with disabilities and veterans.