Found Items

Positive emotional well-being, health Behaviors, and inflammation measured by C-Reactive protein

OBJECTIVE: There is a substantial body of literature describing the association between inflammatory biomarkers and negative emotional factors (i.e. depression). However, less is known about how they might be related to positive psychological variables. This study examined the association between positive emotional well-being (PEWB) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP), an inflammatory biomarker important for cardiovascular and

read more

Gender differences in the association between modifiable risk factors and financial hardship among middle-aged and older adults

OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between modifiable risk factors (cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity) and financial hardship (difficulty paying bills, food insecurity and medication need) among middle-aged and older Americans in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 8212 persons age 50 years and older who completed the core 2010 Health and Retirement Study

read more

Economic instability and household chaos relate to cortisol for children in poverty

The present study investigated relations among various aspects of economic adversity and cortisol levels for young children facing economic hardship. Specifically, the study examined relations to cortisol for variables representing family income, material hardship, financial strain, economic instability, and household chaos. Participants were 374 children, ages 3-5 years, who attended a Head Start preschool, as well as their primary

read more

Material hardship and sleep: results from the Michigan Recession and Recovery Study

OBJECTIVE: Sleep is unequally distributed in the US population. People with low socioeconomic status report worse quality and shorter sleep than people with high socioeconomic status. Past research hypothesized that a potential reason for this link could be exposure to material hardship. This study examines the associations between several material hardships and sleep outcomes. METHODS: We use population-representative cross-

read more

Financial Hardship, Motivation to Quit and Post-Quit Spending Plans Among Low-Income Smokers Enrolled in a Smoking Cessation Trial

BACKGROUND: Tobacco spending may exacerbate financial hardship in low-income populations by using funds that could go toward essentials. This study examined post-quit spending plans among low-income smokers and whether financial hardship was positively associated with motivation to quit in the sample. METHODS: We analyzed data from the baseline survey of a randomized controlled trial testing novel a smoking

read more
UAB the University of Alabama at Birmingham home
UAB is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer committed to fostering a diverse, equitable and family-friendly environment in which all faculty and staff can excel and achieve work/life balance irrespective of race, national origin, age, genetic or family medical history, gender, faith, gender identity and expression as well as sexual orientation. UAB also encourages applications from individuals with disabilities and veterans.