Papadopoulos, E., Alibhai, S. M. H., Doré, I., Matthew, A. G., Tomlinson, G. A., Nesbitt, M., Finelli, A., Trachtenberg, J., Santa Mina, D.
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between physical activity (PA) and quality of life (QOL) relative to active treatment for prostate cancer (PCa) has been well-studied; however, little is known about this relationship during active surveillance (AS). Moreover, whether PA is associated with better emotional well-being (EWB) in men with low-risk PCa requires further investigation. Accordingly, we examined the association between self-reported PA and the average change in QOL and EWB over time during AS. METHODS: A total of 630 men on AS were included in this retrospective, longitudinal study from AS initiation until AS discontinuation. Generalized estimated equations were used to determine the association between self-reported PA (independent variable) and QOL and EWB (dependent variables) over time, adjusting for participants’ age. RESULTS: QOL was higher over time in active ( β^ (95%CI) = 1.14 (0.11, 2.16), P = .029) and highly active participants ( β^ (95%CI) = 1.62 (0.58, 2.67), P = .002) compared to their inactive counterparts. Highly active participants had 55% greater odds of experiencing high EWB relative to inactive participants (OR (95%CI) = 1.55 (1.11, 2.16), P = .010). In men with low EWB at baseline (median = 3 months after diagnosis), the highest levels of PA (>1000 metabolic equivalent-minutes per week) were associated with high EWB over time (OR (95%CI) = 2.17 (1.06, 4.46), P = .034). CONCLUSIONS: These data further support the importance of PA as a supportive care strategy for men on AS. Our findings suggest that engaging in higher volumes of PA post-diagnosis may be beneficial particularly for men exhibiting low emotional well-being early on during AS.