Found Items

Financial toxicity in patients with gynecologic malignancies: a cross sectional study

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate financial toxicity and assess its risk factors among patients with gynecologic cancers. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study that included 2 survey tools, as well as patient demographics, disease characteristics, and treatment regimen. Financial toxicity is measured by validated Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) tool. Participants were also asked to complete a 55-question-survey on attitudes and

read more

Financial Toxicity in Women With Breast Cancer Receiving Radiation Therapy: Final Results of a Prospective Observational Study

PURPOSE: We sought to quantify financial toxicity (FT) present in a prospective cohort of women with breast cancer (BC) receiving radiation therapy (RT), identify predictors of FT, correlate FT with health-related quality of life (QoL), and determine whether duration of RT is associated with FT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Consecutive patients with stage I-III BC completed Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-G7 (FACT-G7), a tailored FT questionnaire, and

read more

Patient-reported financial toxicity, quality of life, and health behaviors in insured US cancer survivors

PURPOSE: Fighting cancer is a costly battle, and understanding the relationship between patient-reported financial toxicity (FT) and health outcomes can help inform interventions for post-treatment cancer survivors. METHODS: Stages I-III solid tumor, insured US cancer survivors (N = 103) completed a survey addressing FT (as measured by the standardized COST measure) and clinically relevant health outcomes (including health-related quality of life

read more

Predictors of financial toxicity and its associations with health-related quality of life and treatment non-adherence in Turkish cancer patients

PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the financial toxicity (FT) level in cancer patients, identify the risk factors associated with this level, and reveal the effect of this level on patient outcomes (health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and treatment non-adherence). METHODS: The data of 316 cancer patients, who were receiving inpatient treatment in an oncology hospital affiliated to a public university in Ankara, Turkey, were ≥ 18 years old, and were

read more

Understanding the strategies rural cancer patients and survivors use to manage financial toxicity and the broader implications on their lives

PURPOSE: To explore strategies rural Australians use to cope with the financial consequences of their cancer diagnosis and how that impacts on their lives. METHODS: Twenty adult cancer patients/survivors residing in regional-remote areas of Australia were purposively sampled and participated in audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews. When data saturation was reached, thematic analysis was employed to analyse the data. RESULTS:

read more

S1417CD: A Prospective Multicenter Cooperative Group-Led Study of Financial Hardship in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Patients

BACKGROUND: Financial toxicity is a growing problem in oncology, but no prior studies have prospectively measured the financial impact of cancer treatment in a diverse national cohort of newly diagnosed cancer patients. S1417CD was the first cooperative group-led multicenter prospective cohort study to evaluate financial hardship in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. METHODS: Patients aged 18 years or older within 120 days of mCRC diagnosis

read more

Role of financial toxicity in perpetuating health disparities

Rising costs of cancer care drive patient financial toxicity (FT) that perpetuates known health disparities in access and quality cancer treatment. This Review discusses how FT is a barrier to cancer research and treatment, and discusses potential solutions to improve affordability and reduce healthcare disparities for our patients.

read more

Systematic review of financial burden assessment in cancer: Evaluation of measures and utility among adolescents and young adults and caregivers

many patients and caregivers. Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer are particularly vulnerable. Financial burden measures exist but have varying evidence for their validity and reliability. The goal of this systematic review is to summarize and evaluate measures of financial burden in cancer and describe their potential utility among AYAs

read more

Correlates of financial toxicity in adult cancer patients and their informal caregivers

BACKGROUND: Financial toxicity is commonly reported by cancer patients, but few studies have assessed caregiver perceptions. We aimed to validate the modified Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) in cancer caregivers, identify factors associated with financial toxicity in both patients and caregivers, and assess the association of caregiver financial toxicity with patient and caregiver outcomes. METHODS: Using a convenience

read more

Financial Toxicity Following Surgical Treatment for Breast Cancer: A Cross-sectional Pilot Study

BACKGROUND: Despite growing national attention, there is limited understanding of the patient- and treatment-level characteristics related to treatment cost-associated distress (“financial toxicity”) in breast cancer patients. Our aim is to identify risk factors for financial toxicity amongst breast cancer patients undergoing surgical treatment. METHODS: This is a single-institution cross-sectional survey of adult female breast cancer patients who underwent

read more

Implications of financial toxicity in the lives of cancer patients: a reflection

OBJECTIVE: To reflect on the understanding of financial toxicity, as an adverse event of cancer diagnosis and treatment, and its implications on the quality of life of these patients. METHOD: Reflexive study, based on the international literature about the concept of financial toxicity and its relationship with quality of life. RESULTS: Financial toxicity is related to the financial difficulties associated with cancer and its treatment, which occur in the

read more

Current state of funded National Institutes of Health grants focused on individuals living with advanced and metastatic cancers: a portfolio analysis

PURPOSE: The National Cancer Institute has supported cancer survivorship science for many years, yet few funded studies have examined the needs of individuals living with cancer that is advanced or has metastasized. This report analyzes currently active National Institutes of Health (NIH) grants focused on survivorship for patients living with advanced or metastatic cancers to identify emerging research topics in this population and gaps in current science.

read more

Assessing the financial toxicity in Tunisian cancer patients using the Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST)

BACKGROUND: Cancer care-related out-of-pocket expenses and financial toxicity (FT) are a rising burden for patients. We aimed to evaluate patient-reported FT and to identify relevant correlates within a Tunisian population. METHODS: We conducted a survey using the 11-item Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) that could range from 0 = high to 44 = low. FT was grade 0 if ≥ 26, grade 1 = (14-25), grade 2 = (1-13), and grade 3 = 0. Scores

read more

Considerations for treatment duration in responders to immune checkpoint inhibitors

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have improved overall survival for cancer patients, however, optimal duration of ICI therapy has yet to be defined. Given ICIs were first used to treat patients with metastatic melanoma, a condition that at the time was incurable, little attention was initially paid to how much therapy would be needed for a durable response. As the early immunotherapy trials have matured past 10 years, a significant per cent of patients have

read more

The Role of Financial Security on Physical and Mental Health in Young-Midlife Couples Surviving Cancer

ACKGROUND: A cancer diagnosis carries a significant economic burden. Yet little is known about perceived financial security on the health of couples with a partner diagnosed with cancer. OBJECTIVE: The current study explored perceived financial security in young-midlife couples. METHODS: The study included 49 couples (aged 27-58 years) 1 to 3 years after diagnosis. Multilevel modeling was used to examine the association of perceived financial

read more

Racial and ethnic variations in caregiving-related physical, emotional, and financial strain during COVID-19 among those caring for adult cancer patients

PURPOSE: Cancer caregiving is shown to be a burdensome experience in typical times. The purpose of this study was to describe cancer caregivers’ emotional, physical, and financial strain during the COVID-19 pandemic and compared to preCOVID-19, and explore racial and ethnic variations in caregiver strain. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey using Lucid, LLC, incorporating quotas for race, ethnicity, gender and age. Caregivers

read more

QALYs and medical costs saved from prevention of a cancer: Analysis of nation-wide real-world data of Taiwan with lifetime horizon

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To quantify savings of loss-of-QALE (quality-adjusted life expectancy) and lifetime medical costs from prevention of different cancers. METHODS: We collected nation-wide data on 808,700 new cancer cases of 14 different organ systems and followed them from 1998 to 2014 in Taiwan. We also collected 13,005 cancer patients from a medical center and 47,320 repeated measurements of quality of life (QoL) of EQ-5D to obtain

read more

The Out-of-Pocket Cost Burden of Cancer Care-A Systematic Literature Review

BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket costs pose a substantial economic burden to cancer patients and their families. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the literature on out-of-pocket costs of cancer care. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify studies that estimated the out-of-pocket cost burden faced by cancer patients and their caregivers. The average monthly out-of-pocket costs per patient were reported/estimated and

read more

Financial hardship by age at diagnosis including in young adulthood among African American cancer survivors

BACKGROUND: Financial hardship is most common among cancer survivors with the fewest financial resources at diagnosis; however, little is known about the financial outcomes of young adult (YA) survivors (ages 20-39 at diagnosis), despite their having fewer financial reserves than older adults. METHODS: We utilized data from 3,888 participants in the population-based Detroit Research on Cancer Survivors cohort. Participants self-reported several

read more

Financial Toxicity in Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer: A Concept Analysis

BACKGROUND: A cancer diagnosis as an adolescent and young adult (AYA) poses exceptional challenges, including potential greater financial toxicity than older survivors experience who have had more time for career establishment and to build financial assets. Costs to patients have increased more than the past decade; prospects for AYA long-term survival have also increased. A better understanding of what financial toxicity is, how it presents, and the

read more

Financial Toxicity in Breast Reconstruction: A National Survey of Women Who have Undergone Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy

BACKGROUND: Despite awareness regarding financial toxicity in breast cancer care, little is known about the financial strain associated with breast reconstruction. This study aims to describe financial toxicity and identify factors independently associated with financial toxicity for women pursuing post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. METHODS: A 33-item electronic survey was distributed to members of the Love Research Army. Women over

read more

Out-of-Pocket Costs Among Patients With a New Cancer Diagnosis Enrolled in High-Deductible Health Plans vs Traditional Insurance

IMPORTANCE: The financial burden of a cancer diagnosis is increasing rapidly with advances in cancer care. Simultaneously, more individuals are enrolling in high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) vs traditional insurance than ever before. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the out-of-pocket costs (OOPCs) of cancer care for individuals in HDHPs vs traditional insurance plans. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This retrospective cohort study used the

read more

The financial impact of cancer care on renal cancer patients

INTRODUCTION Advances in novel treatment options may render renal cell cancer (RCC) patients susceptible to the financial toxicity (FT) of cancer treatment, and the factors associated with FT are unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were ≥ 18 years old and had a diagnosis of stage IV RCC for at least 3 months. Patients were recruited from Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre (Toronto, Canada). FT

read more

Incidence of Catastrophic Health Expenditure and Its Determinants in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

BACKGROUND: Cancer is the third leading cause of mortality in the world, and cancer patients are more exposed to financial hardship than other diseases. This paper aimed to review studies of catastrophic healthcare expenditure (CHE) in cancer patients, measure their level of exposure to CHE, and identify factors associated with incidence of CHE. METHODS: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis. Several databases were searched until

read more

Financial worry and psychological distress among cancer survivors in the United States, 2013-2018

BACKGROUND: A growing proportion of cancer survivors experience financial toxicity. However, the psychological burden of cancer costs and associated mental health outcomes require further investigation. We assessed prevalence and predictors of self-reported financial worry and mental health outcomes among cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from the 2013-2018 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults reporting a

read more

Financial Toxicity in People Living with Advanced Cancer: A New, Deadly, and Poorly Addressed Effect of Cancer and Necessary Treatment

OBJECTIVES: Advances in cancer treatments have allowed improved outcomes, even with advanced disease. However, this progress has resulted in a new toxic effect termed ‘financial toxicity.’ Financial toxicity severely impacts quality of life, even among those insured. The purpose of this article is to gain better understanding of this relatively new concept to better care for our patients, presented primarily from a US perspective. DATA SOURCES:

read more

Financial Toxicity and Equitable Access to Clinical Trials

Financial barriers to clinical trial enrollment are an area of active investigation. Financial toxicity as a concept describes how high costs and financial burden can lead to compromised care and outcomes. Despite the potential to yield large survival benefits and improved access to cutting-edge therapies, less than 5% of adult patients with cancer are enrolled in a clinical trial. Disparities in trial enrollment exist along age, ethnic, and sociodemographic

read more

The dynamic relationship between cancer and employment-related financial toxicity: an in-depth qualitative study of 21 Australian cancer survivor experiences and preferences for support

BACKGROUND: People with a cancer diagnosis experience physical and emotional impacts that may affect employment. Alongside cancer care costs, reduced ability to generate an income is a key contributor to financial toxicity which is associated with poor emotional wellbeing, quality of life, treatment adherence and survival. This study aimed to explore people’s experiences of changes to employment and their suggestions for how cancer

read more

Financial toxicity in sarcoma patients and survivors in Germany: results from the multicenter PROSa study

PURPOSE: Cancer patients have been shown to frequently suffer from financial burden before, during, and after treatment. However, the financial toxicity of patients with sarcoma has seldom been assessed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether financial toxicity is a problem for sarcoma patients in Germany and identify associated risk factors. METHODS: Patients for this analysis were obtained from a multicenter prospective cohort

read more

Financial toxicity in cancer care in India: a systematic review

Although financial toxicity is widely acknowledged to be a potential consequence of costly cancer treatment, little is known about its prevalence and outcome among the Indian population. In this study, we systematically reviewed the prevalence, determinants, and consequences of financial toxicity among patients with cancer in India. 22 studies were included in the systematic review. The determinants of financial toxicity include household income, type of

read more

Financial Hardship and Quality of Life Among Patients With Advanced Cancer Receiving Outpatient Palliative Care: A Pilot Study

BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer are increasingly experiencing financial hardship (FH) and associated negative health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe FH and explore its relationship to quality of life (QOL) in patients with advanced cancer receiving outpatient palliative care (PC). METHODS: Validated questionnaires assessed FH, QOL dimensions, symptom burden, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics

read more

Supportive health education reduces health care utilization and costs in Latinas with breast cancer and their caregivers

PURPOSE: To compare costs and relative cost savings from reductions in unscheduled health services use for two 8-week psychosocial interventions (telephone interpersonal counseling [TIPC], supportive health education [SHE]) delivered by telephone to Latinas with breast cancer and their informal caregivers. Cost information is required before adopting supportive care interventions as part of routine care. There is limited information on costs of

read more

Risk factors for financial toxicity in patients with gynecologic cancer

Financial toxicity describes the financial burden and distress that can arise for patients, and their family members, as a result of cancer treatment. It includes direct out-of-pocket costs for treatment and indirect costs such as travel, time, and changes to employment that can increase the burden of cancer. While high costs of cancer care have threatened the sustainability of access to care for decades, it is only in the past 10 years that the term “financial

read more

Financial toxicity in cancer care: origins, impact, and solutions

Financial toxicity describes the financial burden and distress that can arise for patients, and their family members, as a result of cancer treatment. It includes direct out-of-pocket costs for treatment and indirect costs such as travel, time, and changes to employment that can increase the burden of cancer. While high costs of cancer care have

read more

Associations between self-reported physical activity, quality of life, and emotional well-being in men with prostate cancer on active surveillance

OBJECTIVE: The relationship between physical activity (PA) and quality of life (QOL) relative to active treatment for prostate cancer (PCa) has been well-studied; however, little is known about this relationship during active surveillance (AS). Moreover, whether PA is associated with better emotional well-being (EWB) in men with low-risk PCa requires further investigation. Accordingly, we examined the association between self-

read more

Pain, sleep and emotional well-being explain the lack of agreement between physician- and patient-perceived remission in early rheumatoid arthritis

BACKGROUND: Clinical response and remission are defined in multiple ways and measured with different instruments, resulting in substantial variation of the proportion of patients classified as being in remission. Therefore, the agreement between patient-perceived, physician-perceived remission and clinical response and remission definitions was determined in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. And secondly,

read more

Psychological Well-Being and Family Environment of Siblings of Children with Life Threatening Illness

BACKGROUND: The psychological well-being of siblings of children with life threatening illness remains largely uncharted. Pediatric cancer research suggests that a supportive family environment may protect the psychological well-being of siblings. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that (1) siblings of pediatric palliative care patients would show clinical/behavioral scores that were elevated but that rates of serious psychopathology

read more

Changes in social support predict emotional well-being in breast cancer survivors

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors who have completed surgery and adjuvant treatment have distinct social support needs that may relate to emotional health. There is little research on both levels of social support following treatment and the association between social support and emotional well-being over time following breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. The aims of this study were to assess (1) the direction and

read more

Impact of androgen deprivation therapy on mental and emotional well-being in men with prostate cancer: analysis from the CaPSURE™ registry

PURPOSE: While androgen deprivation therapy can delay cancer progression and reduce tumor burden, its use can be limited by adverse side effects. We evaluated the effect of androgen deprivation therapy on mental and emotional well-being in men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were enrolled in the national CaPSURE (Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor) registry,

read more

Setting the stage for universal financial distress screening in routine cancer care

Financial burden from cancer treatment is increasingly being recognized as a threat to optimal access, quality, and outcomes of cancer care for patients. Although research in the area is moving at a fast pace, multiple questions remain unanswered, such as how to practically integrate the assessment and management of financial burden into routine health care delivery for patients with cancer. Although psychological distress

read more

Annual Out-of-Pocket Expenditures and Financial Hardship Among Cancer Survivors Aged 18-64 Years – United States, 2011-2016

In the United States in 2019, an estimated 16.9 million persons are living after receiving a cancer diagnosis (1). These cancer survivors face many challenges, including functional limitations, serious psychological distress (2), and other lasting and late effects of cancer treatments. Because of the high cost of cancer therapy, many cancer survivors are more likely to face substantial out-of-pocket health care expenditures and financial

read more

Determinants and Consequences of Financial Hardship Among Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer: A Report From the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study

BACKGROUND: Financial hardship among survivors of pediatric cancer has been understudied. We investigated determinants and consequences of financial hardship among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Financial hardship, determinants, and consequences were examined in 2811 long-term survivors (mean age at evaluation = 31.8 years, years postdiagnosis = 23.6) through the baseline survey and clinical

read more

Medical financial hardship reported by Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander cancer survivors compared with non-Hispanic whites

BACKGROUND: Although medical financial hardship (MFH) resulting from sequelae of cancer and treatment has been reported in other racial/ethnic populations, little is known about MFH among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) cancer survivors. METHODS: One hundred fifty adult NHPI cancer survivors were identified from the 2014 NHPI National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Cancer survivors were those with a

read more

Financial Support Models: A Case for Use of Financial Navigators in the Oncology Setting

BACKGROUND: Financial toxicity causes significant psychological and practical distress for patients and can affect their ability and willingness to undertake optimal treatment. Although different models of financial support are typically available to patients undergoing cancer treatments, not all models can offer equal amounts of support and effective solutions, particularly to those patients at the highest levels of risk for this

read more

Extensive financial hardship among gynecologic cancer patients starting a new line of therapy

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the three domains of financial hardship (psychological response, material conditions, and coping behaviors) among gynecologic cancer patients receiving treatment. METHODS: We conducted a single-institution survey of gynecologic cancer patients starting a new line of therapy for primary or recurrent disease. Psychological response was measured using Comprehensive Score

read more

Financial hardship among rural cancer survivors: An analysis of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey

Some cancer survivors report spending 20% of their annual income on medical care. Undue financial burden that patients face related to the cost of care is referred to as financial hardship, which may be more prevalent among rural cancer survivors. This study examined contrasts in financial hardship among 1419 rural and urban cancer survivors using the 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey supplement – The Effects of Cancer and Its

read more

Racial and ethnic variations in caregiving-related physical, emotional, and financial strain during COVID-19 among those caring for adult cancer patients

PURPOSE: Cancer caregiving is shown to be a burdensome experience in typical times. The purpose of this study was to describe cancer caregivers’ emotional, physical, and financial strain during the COVID-19 pandemic and compared to preCOVID-19, and explore racial and ethnic variations in caregiver strain. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey using Lucid, LLC, incorporating quotas for race,

read more

Patient recommendations for reducing long-lasting economic burden after breast cancer

BACKGROUND: In the United States, patients who have breast cancer experience significant economic burden compared with those who have other types of cancers. Cancer-related economic burden is exacerbated by adverse treatment effects. Strategies to resolve the economic burden caused by breast cancer and its adverse treatment effects have stemmed from the perspectives of health care providers, oncology navigators, and

read more

The financial burden and distress of patients with cancer: Understanding and stepping-up action on the financial toxicity of cancer treatment

Financial toxicity has now become a familiar term used in the discussion of cancer drugs, and it is gaining traction in the literature given the high price of newer classes of therapies. However, as a phenomenon in the contemporary treatment and care of people with cancer, financial toxicity is not fully understood, with the discussion on mitigation mainly geared toward interventions at the health system level. Although important,

read more

Financial burden of colorectal cancer treatment among patients and their families in a middle-income country

BACKGROUND: In Malaysia, the healthcare system consists of a government-run universal healthcare system and a co-existing private healthcare system. However, with high and ever rising healthcare spending on cancer management, cancer patients and their families are likely to become vulnerable to a healthcare-related financial burden. Moreover, they may have to reduce their working hours and lose income. To better

read more

Outpatient treatment costs and their potential impact on cancer care

Cancer creates a tremendous financial burden. Cancer-related costs are categorized into direct, indirect, and psychosocial costs. Although there have been many reports on medical care costs, which are direct, those on other costs are extremely scarce. We estimated travel time and costs required for cancer patients to receive outpatient treatment. We studied 521 cancer patients receiving anti-cancer treatment between February 2009

read more

Are survivors who report cancer-related financial problems more likely to forgo or delay medical care?

BACKGROUND: Financial problems caused by cancer and its treatment can substantially affect survivors and their families and create barriers to seeking health care. METHODS: The authors identified cancer survivors diagnosed as adults (n=1556) from the nationally representative 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Using multivariable logistic regression analyses, the authors report sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment-

read more

Long-term financial burden of breast cancer: experiences of a diverse cohort of survivors identified through population-based registries

PURPOSE: To evaluate the financial experiences of a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of long-term breast cancer survivors (17% African American, 40% Latina) identified through population-based registries. METHODS: Longitudinal study of women diagnosed with nonmetastatic breast cancer in 2005 to 2007 and reported to the SEER registries of metropolitan Los Angeles and Detroit. We surveyed 3,133 women

read more

Race, financial hardship, and limiting care due to cost in a diverse cohort of cancer survivors

PURPOSE: Estimate prevalence of types of cancer-related financial hardship by race and test whether they are associated with limiting care due to cost. METHODS: We used data from 994 participants (411 white, 583 African American) in a hospital-based cohort study of survivors diagnosed with breast, colorectal, lung, or prostate cancer since January 1, 2013. Financial hardship included decreased income, borrowing money,

read more

Is Cancer History Associated With Assets, Debt, and Net Worth in the United States?

BACKGROUND: Financial hardships experienced by cancer survivors have become a prominent public health issue in the United States. Few studies of financial hardship have assessed financial holdings, including assets, debts, and their values, associated with a cancer history. METHODS: Using the 2008-2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, we identified 1603 cancer survivors and 34 915 individuals age 18-64 years without

read more

Methods for measuring financial toxicity after cancer diagnosis and treatment: a systematic review and its implications

Patients experiencing financial distress as a side-effect of cancer are not only reported in the United States, but also in third-party payer healthcare systems in Europe. Since validated survey instruments are a prerequisite for robust and comparable results, we aimed to compile and classify available instruments to enable both a better understanding of the underlying construct of financial toxicity and to facilitate further

read more

Measuring catastrophic medical expenditures: Reflections on three issues

In the “basic” approach, medical expenses are catastrophic if they exceed a prespecified percentage of consumption or income; the approach tells us if expenses cause a large percentage reduction in living standards. The ability-to-pay (ATP) approach defines expenses as catastrophic if they exceed a prespecified percentage of consumption less expenses on nonmedical necessities or an allowance for them. The paper

read more

Material-Psychosocial-Behavioral Aspects of Financial Hardship: A Conceptual Model for Cancer Prevention

Risk of cancer increases with age; and socioeconomic factors have been shown to be relevant for (predictive of) cancer risk-related behaviors and cancer early detection and screening. Yet, much of this research has relied on traditional measures of socioeconomic status (SES) to assess socioeconomic circumstances, which limits our understanding of the various pathways through which the socioeconomic environment affects

read more

Financial Toxicity in Advanced and Metastatic Cancer: Overburdened and Underprepared

Patients with metastatic or advanced cancer are likely to be particularly susceptible to financial hardship for reasons related both to the characteristics of metastatic disease and to the characteristics of the population living with metastatic disease. First, metastatic cancer is a resource-intensive condition with expensive treatment and consistent, high-intensity monitoring. Second, patients diagnosed with metastatic disease are

read more

Financial Hardship and the Economic Effect of Childhood Cancer Survivorship

In addition to the long-term physical and psychological sequelae of cancer therapy, adult survivors of childhood cancer are at an elevated risk for financial hardship. Financial hardship can have material, psychological, and behavioral effects, including high out-of-pocket medical costs, asset depletion and debt, limitations in or inability to work, job lock, elevated stress and worry, and a delaying or forgoing of medical care

read more

Understanding the Financial Needs Following Diagnosis of Breast Cancer in a Setting with Universal Health Coverage

BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of cancer negatively impacts the financial wellbeing of affected individuals as well as their households. We aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of the financial needs following diagnosis of breast cancer in a middle-income setting with universal health coverage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve focus group discussions (n = 64) were conducted with women with breast cancer from two public and three

read more

The Out-of-Pocket Cost Burden of Cancer Care-A Systematic Literature Review

BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket costs pose a substantial economic burden to cancer patients and their families. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the literature on out-of-pocket costs of cancer care. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify studies that estimated the out-of-pocket cost burden faced by cancer patients and their caregivers. The average monthly out-of-pocket costs per patient were

read more

Expenditure and financial burden for the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer in China: a hospital-based, multicenter, cross-sectional survey

BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in China and the paucity of information about relevant expenditure highlight the necessity of better understanding the financial burden and effect of CRC diagnosis and treatment. We performed a survey to quantify the direct medical and non-medical expenditure as well as the resulting financial burden of CRC patients in China. METHODS: We conducted a

read more

A Systematic Review of Financial Toxicity Among Cancer Survivors: We Can’t Pay the Co-Pay

OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of financial toxicity (FT) among cancer survivors, identify the determinants and how FT is measured. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO, using relevant terminology and included articles published from 1 January, 2013 to 30 June, 2016. We included observational studies where the primary outcomes included FT and study samples were

read more

Financial toxicity risk among adult patients undergoing cancer surgery in the United States: An analysis of the National Inpatient Sample

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Financial hardship occurring as a result of cancer treatment has been termed financial toxicity and is an established side effect of the cancer treatment. We investigated the risk of financial toxicity among patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal cancers. METHODS: All uninsured and privately insured patients who underwent surgery for a gastrointestinal cancer were identified from the

read more

It still affects our economic situation: long-term economic burden of breast cancer and lymphedema

PURPOSE: Financial toxicity after breast cancer may be exacerbated by adverse treatment effects, like breast cancer-related lymphedema. As the first study of long-term out-of-pocket costs for breast cancer survivors in the USA with lymphedema, this mixed methods study compares out-of-pocket costs for breast cancer survivors with and without lymphedema. METHODS: In 2015, 129 breast cancer survivors from Pennsylvania

read more

Financial distress among breast cancer survivors

AIMS: there has been an increasing awareness of the potential for oncology care to result in long-term financial burdens and financial toxicity. Patients who report cancer-related financial problems or high costs are more likely to forgo or delay prescription medications and medical care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we examined financial distress using data from a survey of 164 breast cancer survivors who had completed

read more

The impact of outpatient systemic anti-cancer treatment on patient costs and work practices

Background There is extensive focus on the rising costs of healthcare. However, for patients undergoing cancer treatment, there are additional personal costs, which are poorly characterised. Aim To qualify indirect costs during anti-cancer therapy in a designated Irish cancer centre. Methods An anonymous questionnaire collected demographic data, current work practice, and personal expenditure on regular and non-regular

read more

Economic Burden Associated with Cancer Caregiving

OBJECTIVE: The societal value of unpaid caregiving is estimated to exceed $470 billion annually. In spite of the high value care they provide, caregivers experience significant financial burden. This paper examines the sources and impact of financial burden on cancer caregivers. DATA SOURCES: Survey of the published peer-reviewed literature complemented by Web-based sources. CONCLUSION: Caregivers for cancer patients may

read more

Financial Toxicity After Cancer in a Setting With Universal Health Coverage: A Call for Urgent Action

BACKGROUND: Financial toxicity negatively affects the well-being of cancer survivors. We examined the incidence, cost drivers, and factors associated with financial toxicity after cancer in an upper-middle-income country with universal health coverage. METHODS: Through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Costs in Oncology study, 1,294 newly diagnosed patients with cancer (Ministry of Health [MOH] hospitals [n = 577]

read more

The social and economic toll of cancer survivorship: a complex web of financial sacrifice

PURPOSE: To assess the financial outcomes and associated social and economic effects on cancer survivors and their families. METHODS: We assessed the responses of 1656 cancer survivors to a survey with both closed- and open-ended questions about cancer-related financial sacrifices they and their family experienced and evaluated differences in financial sacrifice by reported levels of cancer-related debt. RESULTS: The most

read more

Financial Hardships Experienced by Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review

BACKGROUND: With rising cancer care costs, including high-priced cancer drugs, financial hardship is increasingly documented among cancer survivors in the United States; research findings have not been synthesized. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published between 1990 and 2015 describing the financial hardship experienced by cancer survivors using PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and

read more

Economic and Humanistic Burden of Cervical Cancer in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Survey

Objective: To measure the economic and humanistic burden of cervical cancer in the United States. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data (2006-2015). Cervical cancer cases were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code “180” or clinical classification software code “26”. The control group included women

read more

Population-based assessment of cancer survivors’ financial burden and quality of life: a prospective cohort study

PURPOSE: The impact of financial burden among patients with cancer has not yet been measured in a way that accounts for inter-relationships between quality of life, perceived quality of care, disease status, and sociodemographic characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a national, prospective, observational, population- and health care systems-based cohort study, patients with colorectal or lung cancer were enrolled

read more

The Longitudinal Influence of Social Determinants of Health on Glycemic Control in Elderly Adults With Diabetes

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand the longitudinal relationship between financial, psychosocial, and neighborhood social determinants and glycemic control (HbA(1c)) in older adults with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from 2,662 individuals with self-reported diabetes who participated in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) were used. Participants were followed from 2006 through 2014. Financial

read more

Financial Impact of Colorectal Cancer and Its Consequences: Associations Between Cancer-Related Financial Stress and Strain and Health-Related Quality of Life

BACKGROUND: The financial impact and consequences of cancer on the lives of survivors remain poorly understood. This is especially true for colorectal cancer. OBJECTIVE: We investigated objective cancer-related financial stress, subjective cancer-related financial strain, and their association with health-related quality of life in colorectal cancer survivors. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional postal survey. SETTINGS: The study

read more

Association of Financial Strain With Symptom Burden and Quality of Life for Patients With Lung or Colorectal Cancer

PURPOSE: To measure the association between patient financial strain and symptom burden and quality of life (QOL) for patients with new diagnoses of lung or colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients participating in the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance study were interviewed about their financial reserves, QOL, and symptom burden at 4 months of diagnosis and, for survivors, at 12 months of

read more

Impact of financial burden of cancer on survivors’ quality of life

PURPOSE: Little is known about the relationship between the financial burden of cancer and the physical and emotional health of cancer survivors. We examined the association between financial problems caused by cancer and reported quality of life in a population-based sample of patients with cancer. METHODS: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were analyzed. A multivariable regression model was used to

read more

Financial Distress and Its Associations With Physical and Emotional Symptoms and Quality of Life Among Advanced Cancer Patients

OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on the effects of financial distress (FD) on overall suffering and quality of life (QOL) of patients with advanced cancer (AdCa). In this cross-sectional study, we examined the frequency of FD and its correlates in AdCa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We interviewed 149 patients, 77 at a comprehensive cancer center (CCC) and 72 at a general public hospital (GPH). AdCa completed a self-rated

read more

Psychobehavioral risk factors for financial hardship and poor functional outcomes in survivors of multiple primary cancers

OBJECTIVE: Survivors of multiple primary cancers (MPC) are at increased risk for poor health outcomes compared with survivors of single cancers. Using an adapted psychobehavioral stress-response model, the study purpose was to identify pathways and individual risk factors associated with poor health outcomes in adults with MPC. METHODS: Adult MPC survivors (N = 211) with first cancers (stages I-III) diagnosed within

read more

Health Insurance Literacy and Financial Hardship in Women Living With Metastatic Breast Cancer

PURPOSE: In patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC), low health insurance literacy may be associated with adverse material conditions, psychological response, and coping behaviors because of financial hardship (FH). This study explored the relationship between health insurance literacy and FH in women with MBC. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data collected from 84 women receiving MBC treatment at 2

read more

Financial toxicity in cancer care: Prevalence, causes, consequences, and reduction strategies

Financial toxicity is the adverse impact of a cancer diagnosis on a patient’s financial well-being resulting from direct or indirect costs. Potential consequences of financial toxicity include material loss, psychological distress, and/or maladaptive coping strategies. This review will summarize the prevalence, causes, and consequences of financial toxicity, with an emphasis on strategies to anticipate and reduce its burden.

read more

Financial difficulty, worry about affording care, and benefit finding in long-term survivors of cancer

OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of worry about affording care and reporting financial difficulties with benefit finding in long-term cancer survivors. METHODS: Long-term survivors of cancer (n = 547) in 3 integrated health care delivery systems completed the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Cancer Survivorship Supplement. The relationship between benefit finding (becoming a stronger person, coping better, and making

read more

The experience of financial stress among emerging adult cancer survivors

Objective: The experience of cancer-related financial stress was examined within the developmental context of emerging adulthood.Methodological approach: This study is a secondary analysis of data drawn from two samples of testicular or hematologic cancer survivors. In-depth interviews from 52 emerging adult (EA) cancer survivors, ages 18-29, were coded by combining thematic analysis with an abductive approach.

read more

Medical Financial Hardship Intensity and Financial Sacrifice Associated with Cancer in the United States

BACKGROUND: With rising costs of cancer care, this study aims to estimate the prevalence of, and factors associated with, medical financial hardship intensity and financial sacrifices due to cancer in the United States. METHODS: We identified 963 cancer survivors from the 2016 Medical Expenditures Panel Survey – Experiences with Cancer. Medical financial hardship due to cancer was measured in material (e.g., filed for

read more

Pre-diagnosis employment status and financial circumstances predict cancer-related financial stress and strain among breast and prostate cancer survivors

PURPOSE: Cancer may have a significant financial impact on patients, but the characteristics that predispose patients to cancer-related financial hardship are poorly understood. We investigated factors associated with cancer-related financial stress and strain in breast and prostate cancer survivors in Ireland, which has a complex mixed public-private healthcare system. METHODS: Postal questionnaires were distributed to 1373

read more

Associations between cancer-related financial stress and strain and psychological well-being among individuals living with cancer

BACKGROUND: Cancer places a financial and economic burden on individuals, but relatively little is known about the consequences. We investigated associations between cancer-related financial stress and strain and psychological well-being. METHODS: Individuals >6 months post-diagnosis with breast, prostate and lung cancer, identified from the National Cancer Registry Ireland, completed a postal questionnaire. Financial stress

read more

The patient-level effect of the cost of Cancer care – financial burden in German Cancer patients

BACKGROUND: Financial toxicity of cancer has so far been discussed primarily in the US health care system and is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. In European health care systems, the socio-economic impact of cancer is poorly understood. This study investigates the financial burden and patient-reported outcomes of neuroendocrine (NET) or colorectal (CRC) cancer patients at a German Comprehensive Cancer

read more

The patient-level effect of the cost of Cancer care – financial burden in German Cancer patients

BACKGROUND: Financial toxicity of cancer has so far been discussed primarily in the US health care system and is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. In European health care systems, the socio-economic impact of cancer is poorly understood. This study investigates the financial burden and patient-reported outcomes of neuroendocrine (NET) or colorectal (CRC) cancer patients at a German Comprehensive Cancer

read more

Relationships Among Financial Distress, Emotional Distress, and Overall Distress in Insured Patients With Cancer

PURPOSE: Recent studies have demonstrated increasing rates of financial toxicities and emotional distress related to cancer treatment. This study assessed and characterized the relationships among financial distress, emotional symptoms, and overall distress in patients with cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of patients with cancer who visited our outpatient medical oncology and psychiatry clinics completed a pen-and-

read more

Self-reported financial burden of cancer care and its effect on physical and mental health-related quality of life among US cancer survivors

BACKGROUND: Cancer-related financial burden has been linked to cancer survivors (CS) forgoing/delaying medical care, skipping follow-up visits, and discontinuing medications. To the authors’ knowledge, little is known regarding the effect of financial burden on the health-related quality of life of CS. METHODS: The authors analyzed 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data. Financial burden was present if one of the

read more

Cancer-Related Debt and Mental-Health-Related Quality of Life among Rural Cancer Survivors: Do Family/Friend Informal Caregiver Networks Moderate the Relationship?

Social connectedness generally buffers the effects of stressors on quality of life. Is this the case for cancer-related debt among rural cancer survivors? Drawing on a sample of 135 rural cancer survivors, we leverage family/friend informal caregiver network data to determine if informal cancer caregivers buffer or exacerbate the effect of cancer-related debt on mental-health-related quality of life (MHQOL). Using data from the Illinois

read more

Financial worry and psychological distress among cancer survivors in the United States, 2013-2018

BACKGROUND: A growing proportion of cancer survivors experience financial toxicity. However, the psychological burden of cancer costs and associated mental health outcomes require further investigation. We assessed prevalence and predictors of self-reported financial worry and mental health outcomes among cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from the 2013-2018 National Health Interview Survey

read more

Financial burden of thyroid cancer in the United States: An estimate of economic and psychological hardship among thyroid cancer survivors

BACKGROUND: Annual cancer-related healthcare expenditure in the United States is estimated to exceed $150 billion by 2020. As the prevalence of thyroid cancer increases worldwide, thyroid cancer survivorship is associated with increasing personal and cumulative costs. Few studies have examined the psychological and material economic costs experienced by thyroid cancer survivors. We seek to estimate the comparative

read more

The perceived cancer-related financial hardship among patients and their families: a systematic review

PURPOSE: The escalating health-care spending for cancer management has caused cancer patients to struggle further as a result of financial burden. This systematic review was carried out to investigate the prevalence of perceived financial hardship and associated factors among cancer patients and their families. METHODS: A systematic search for studies concerning the perception of financial burden among cancer

read more

The buffering effect of tangible social support on financial stress: influence on psychological well-being and psychosomatic symptoms in a large sample of the adult general population

INTRODUCTION: Financial stress is an important source of distress and is related to poor mental and physical health outcomes. The present study investigated whether tangible social support could buffer the effect of financial stress on psychological and psychosomatic health. METHODS: Two separate postal surveys were sent to random samples in five counties in Sweden in 2004 and 2008, with a total of 84 263 respondents. The

read more

Exploring socioeconomic and mental health trajectories during times of economic recession: a qualitative study with primary health care users and professionals

Background: The 2008 economic recession has been shown to affect populations’ mental health due to deterioration of socioeconomic and living conditions. Concurrently, mental health problems may have constituted a vulnerability to wider social inequalities during this period. Aims: To explore perceptions and experiences of primary health care users and professionals regarding the relationship between mental health

read more

Relationship between paid leave, financial burden, and patient-reported outcomes among employed patients who have undergone bone marrow transplantation

PURPOSE: The US does not have universal paid family and medical leave. We examine the direct effects of access to paid leave on patient-reported health, quality of life (QOL), and perceived stress of employed patients who underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT) to treat advanced blood cancer as well as the indirect effects through reductions in the financial burden (FB) that patients face. METHODS: Our cross-

read more

Cancer survivors’ experiences with insurance, finances, and employment: results from a multisite study

BACKGROUND: Cancer has significant implications on survivors’ insurance coverage, financial status, and employment. We aimed to examine how these outcomes vary for survivors of different cancer types. METHODS: Using the Cancer Survivorship Supplement of the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey (MEPS), in 2013, we surveyed survivors of five common cancers who were diagnosed during 2003-2008 and were

read more

Patient-reported financial toxicity, quality of life, and health behaviors in insured US cancer survivors

PURPOSE: Fighting cancer is a costly battle, and understanding the relationship between patient-reported financial toxicity (FT) and health outcomes can help inform interventions for post-treatment cancer survivors. METHODS: Stages I-III solid tumor, insured US cancer survivors (N = 103) completed a survey addressing FT (as measured by the standardized COST measure) and clinically relevant health outcomes (including health-

read more

Financial burden and quality of life among thyroid cancer survivors

BACKGROUND: Survivors of cancer in the United States are often financially encumbered by expenses and lost wages from cancer treatment. The majority of patients with thyroid cancer are diagnosed before age 65, when they are not eligible for Medicare. We hypothesized that financial distress would be common among thyroid cancer survivors and would be associated with poor health-related quality of life. METHODS: A

read more

Cancer-related financial hardship among head and neck cancer survivors: Risk factors and associations with health-related quality of life

OBJECTIVE: Cancer survivors are susceptible to financial hardship. In head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors, we investigated (a) predictors for cancer-related financial hardship and (b) associations between financial hardship and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in HNC survivors identified from the National Cancer Registry Ireland. HRQoL was based on the Functional

read more

The association of financial difficulties and out-of-pocket payments with health-related quality of life among breast, prostate and colorectal cancer patients

Objectives: Financial difficulties experienced by cancer patients may affect their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study assessed the direct economic burden that out-of-pocket (OOP) payments cause and explored how they and financial difficulties are associated with HRQoL. Methods: This is a cross-sectional registry and survey study of 1978 cancer patients having either prostate (630), breast (840) or colorectal

read more

Objective and subjective financial burden and its associations with health-related quality of life among lung cancer patients

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of financial burden, using objective and subjective indicators, on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in lung cancer patients. METHOD: A total of 227 patients diagnosed with lung cancer (from the inpatient unit of the department of internal medicine-chest oncology, in Shanghai Chest Hospital, China) participated in the study. Financial information was measured by

read more

Financial Costs and Burden Related to Decisions for Breast Cancer Surgery

PURPOSE: Financial toxicity is a well-recognized adverse effect of cancer care, yet little is known about how women consider treatment costs when facing preference-sensitive decisions for breast cancer surgery or how surgical treatment choice affects financial harm. We sought to determine how financial costs and burden relate to decisions for breast cancer surgery. METHODS: Women (≥ 18 years old) with a history of breast

read more

The utility of cost discussions between patients with cancer and oncologists

OBJECTIVES: Patients with cancer can experience substantial financial burden. Little is known about patients’ preferences for incorporating cost discussions into treatment decision making or about the ramifications of those discussions. The objective of this study was to determine patient preferences for and benefits of discussing costs with doctors. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, survey study. METHODS: We enrolled insured

read more

Cancer cost communication: experiences and preferences of patients, caregivers, and oncologists-a nationwide triad study

PURPOSE: We assessed cost communication between cancer patients, caregivers, and oncologists and identified factors associated with communication concordance. METHODS: A national, multicenter, cross-sectional survey of patient-caregiver-oncologist triads was performed, and 725 patient-caregiver pairs, recruited by 134 oncologists in 13 cancer centers, were studied. Discordance in preferences and experiences

read more

Patient-Provider Discussion About Cancer Treatment Costs and Out-of-Pocket Spending: Implications for Shared Decision Making in Cancer Care

OBJECTIVES: Patient-provider discussion about treatment costs has been recognized as a key component of shared clinical decision making in cancer care. This study examined the association of patient-provider cost discussion with out-of-pocket spending among cancer survivors. METHODS: Using data from the 2016-2017 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Experiences with Cancer Survivorship Supplement, cancer survivors in the

read more

Perspectives on the Costs of Cancer Care: A Survey of the American Society of Breast Surgeons

BACKGROUND: Cancer treatment costs are not routinely addressed in shared decisions for breast cancer surgery. Thus, we sought to characterize cost awareness and communication among surgeons treating breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a self-administered, confidential electronic survey among members of the American Society of Breast Surgeons from 1 July to 15 September 2018. Questions were based on previously

read more

Understanding patients’ attitudes toward communication about the cost of cancer care

PURPOSE: Recent publications have promoted physician-patient communication on cost as a means of decreasing overall spending and minimizing patients’ financial burden in oncology. No study has assessed patients’ perspectives on cost communication in oncology. We sought to describe oncology patients’ attitudes toward cost communication, explore potential predictors for patients’ communication preferences, and assess

read more

Assessment of Financial Toxicity Among Older Adults With Advanced Cancer

IMPORTANCE: Financial toxicity (FT), unintended and unanticipated financial burden experienced by cancer patients undergoing cancer care, is associated with negative consequences and increased risk of mortality. Older patients (≥70 years) with cancer are at risk for FT, yet data are limited on FT and whether oncologists discuss FT with their patients. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of FT in older adults with advanced

read more

Barriers to patient-physician communication about out-of-pocket costs

BACKGROUND: Though many patients and physicians believe that they should discuss out-of-pocket costs, research suggests that they infrequently do. OBJECTIVE: To examine barriers preventing patient-physician communication about out-of-pocket costs among study subjects recalling a time when they wanted to discuss these costs but did not do so. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional surveys of 133 general

read more

Patient-physician communication about out-of-pocket costs

CONTEXT: Out-of-pocket costs account for approximately one fifth of health care expenditures and are increasing. Previous research suggests that these costs are associated with medication nonadherence and considerable economic burden among some patients. Little is known about patient-physician communication regarding these costs. OBJECTIVE: To identify patients’ and physicians’ beliefs and practices regarding

read more

Identifying cancer patients who alter care or lifestyle due to treatment-related financial distress

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients may experience financial distress as a side effect of their care. Little is known about which patients are at greatest risk for altering their care or lifestyle due to treatment-related financial distress. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey study to determine which patients are at greatest risk for altering their care or lifestyle due to treatment-related financial distress. Eligible patients were adults

read more

Understanding the strategies rural cancer patients and survivors use to manage financial toxicity and the broader implications on their lives

PURPOSE: To explore strategies rural Australians use to cope with the financial consequences of their cancer diagnosis and how that impacts on their lives. METHODS: Twenty adult cancer patients/survivors residing in regional-remote areas of Australia were purposively sampled and participated in audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews. When data saturation was reached, thematic analysis was employed to analyse the

read more

As if the disease was not enough: coping with the financial consequences of cancer

PURPOSE: The goal of this research was to understand how cancer survivors cope with the financial consequences of their disease. METHODS: Twenty-six cancer survivors who self-identified as having experienced financial hardship related to their disease were interviewed. Transcripts of these interviews were analyzed using constructivist grounded theory approach. An analysis of codes related to coping strategies

read more

Financial Burden in Survivors of Childhood Cancer: A Report From the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study

Purpose Survivors of childhood cancer may experience financial burden as a result of health care costs, particularly because these patients often require long-term medical care. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of financial burden and identify associations between a higher percentage of income spent on out-of-pocket medical costs (≥ 10% of annual income) and issues related to financial burden (jeopardizing care or

read more

Relationship Between Multiple Measures of Financial Hardship and Glycemic Control in Older Adults With Diabetes

Aim: To examine the relationship between multiple measures of financial hardship and glycemic control in older adults with diabetes. Methods: Using data from Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we investigated four measures of financial hardship: difficulty paying bills, ongoing financial strain, decreasing food intake due to money, and taking less medication due to cost. Using linear regression models, we investigated the

read more

Financial Hardship and Quality of Life among African American and White Cancer Survivors: The Role of Limiting Care Due to Cost

BACKGROUND: Financial hardship is common among cancer survivors and is associated with both limiting care due to cost and with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study estimates the association between limiting care due to cost and HRQOL in a diverse population of cancer survivors and tests whether limiting care mediates the association between financial hardship and HRQOL. METHODS: We used data from

read more

High-Deductible Health Plans and Cancer Survivorship: What Is the Association With Access to Care and Hospital Emergency Department Use?

PURPOSE: To examine the associations among high-deductible health plan (HDHP) enrollment, cancer survivorship, and access to care and utilization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 2010 to 2017 National Health Interview Survey was used to identify privately insured adults ages 18 to 64 years (cancer survivors, n = 4,321; individuals without a cancer history, n = 95,316). We used multivariable logistic regressions to evaluate the

read more

The impact of cancer diagnosis and treatment on employment, income, treatment decisions and financial assistance and their relationship to socioeconomic and disease factors

PURPOSE: The financial impact of cancer diagnosis and treatment can be considerable to individuals and their households, leading to changes in treatment decision making. This study aimed to quantify effects on income and employment; describe how cost-related factors influence treatment decision making and need for financial assistance; and to identify patient sociodemographic factors associated with treatment decision

read more

Forgoing medical care because of cost: assessing disparities in healthcare access among cancer survivors living in the United States

BACKGROUND: Many US cancer survivors live years after diagnosis, which emphasizes the importance of healthcare access for survivors. It is not known whether having cancer has an impact on disparities in healthcare access that are present in the general population. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of forgoing care because of financial concerns in a representative sample of US adults to

read more

Financial hardship and the intensity of medical care received near death

BACKGROUND: Although end-of-life (EOL) care can present a substantial financial burden for the household, the influence of this burden on the intensity of care received at the EOL remains unknown. The goal of this study was to determine the association between financial hardship and intensive care in the last week of life. METHODS: The Coping with Cancer (CwC) Study is a longitudinal, multisite cohort study of terminally ill

read more

Treatment cost and access to care: experiences of young women diagnosed with breast cancer

PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women younger than 40 years. We aim to evaluate cost as a barrier to care among female breast cancer patients diagnosed between 18 to 39 years. METHODS: In early 2017, we distributed a survey to women diagnosed with breast cancer between the ages of 18 and 39 years, as identified by the central cancer registries of California, Georgia, North

read more

Impact of rural residence on forgoing healthcare after cancer because of cost

BACKGROUND: Routine follow-up care is recommended to promote the well-being of cancer survivors, but financial difficulties may interfere. Rural-urban disparities in forgoing healthcare due to cost have been observed in the general population; however, it is unknown whether this disparity persists among survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine rural-urban disparities in forgoing healthcare after cancer due to

read more

Factors Associated With Use of High-Cost Agents for the Treatment of Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

BACKGROUND: Antineoplastic agents approved in recent decades are a marked advancement in cancer treatment, but they come at considerable cost. These drugs may widen survival disparities between patients who receive these agents and those who do not. We examine factors associated with the use of high-cost antineoplastic agents for the treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: We conducted a

read more

Annual Spending per Patient and Quality in Hospital-Owned Versus Physician-Owned Organizations: an Observational Study

BACKGROUND: Recent studies that compared patient spending in hospital-owned physician practices versus physician-owned groups did not compare quality of care. Past studies had incomplete measures of physician-hospital integration, or lacked patient-level data. OBJECTIVE: To measure the association between physician-hospital integration and both spending and quality using patient-level data and explicit physician-hospital

read more

Assessing the financial toxicity in Tunisian cancer patients using the Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST)

BACKGROUND: Cancer care-related out-of-pocket expenses and financial toxicity (FT) are a rising burden for patients. We aimed to evaluate patient-reported FT and to identify relevant correlates within a Tunisian population. METHODS: We conducted a survey using the 11-item Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) that could range from 0 = high to 44 = low. FT was grade 0 if ≥ 26, grade 1 = (14-25), grade 2 = (1-13)

read more

Financial burden of cancer care under the Affordable Care Act: Analysis of MEPS-Experiences with Cancer Survivorship 2011 and 2016

PURPOSE: To examine whether the implementation of Affordable Care Act (ACA) reduced the financial burden associated with cancer care among non-elderly cancer survivors. METHODS: Using data from the MEPS-Experiences with Cancer Survivorship Survey, we examined whether there was a difference in financial burden associated with cancer care between 2011 (pre-ACA) and 2016 (post-ACA). Two aspects of financial burden

read more

Cancer History, Health Insurance Coverage, and Cost-Related Medication Nonadherence and Medication Cost-Coping Strategies in the United States

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between cancer history and cost-related medication nonadherence (CRN) as well as cost-coping strategies, by health insurance coverage. METHODS: We used the 2013 to 2016 National Health Interview Survey to identify adults aged 18 to 64 years with (n = 3599) and without (n = 56 909) a cancer history. Cost-related changes in medication use included (1) CRN, measured as skipping, taking

read more

Insurance and inpatient care: differences in length of stay and costs between surgically treated cancer patients

BACKGROUND: Early research demonstrated that patients’ length-of-stay and inpatient costs varied according to their health insurance status. The authors of the current report studied a population-based sample of privately insured, Medicaid-insured, and uninsured inpatients ages 21 to 64 years who underwent surgical resection for either nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (n = 781) or colorectal cancer (CRC) (n = 8190)

read more

You Have to Keep a Roof Over Your Head: A Qualitative Study of Housing Needs Among Patients With Cancer in New York City

PURPOSE: Housing status can become compromised in the wake of financial hardship for some patients with cancer and become a source of disparity. This qualitative study describes the types of housing issues experienced by patients with cancer and survivors of cancer in New York City. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with a volunteer sample of 21 patients with cancer or survivors of cancer treated in

read more

Women With Breast Cancer Who Work For Accommodating Employers More Likely To Retain Jobs After Treatment

Breast cancer affects one in eight women across the United States, and low-income minority survivors of breast cancer are at increased risk of job loss, compared to higher-income white survivors. Employer accommodations, such as schedule flexibility, have been associated with job retention in higher-income whites, but the role of such accommodations in job retention among low-income minorities is not well

read more

Long-Term Economic and Employment Outcomes Among Partners of Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

PURPOSE: Work loss is one of many personal costs for patients with cancer and their families. Many women with breast cancer face long-term job loss that stems from their diagnoses. However, little is known about the economic and employment outcomes of partners of women with breast cancer. METHODS: Women with nonmetastatic breast cancer identified by the Detroit and Los Angeles SEER registries between June 2005 and

read more

Co-payment policies and breast and cervical cancer screening in Medicaid

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relationship between state Medicaid co-payment policies and cancer screening for Medicaid-enrolled women. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of administrative claims and enrollment data. METHODS: Our data included Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX) outpatient claims files across 43 states in 2003, 2008, and 2010, the years for which both MAX data and state cost-sharing data

read more

Colorectal cancer survivors’ challenges to returning to work: A qualitative study

OBJECTIVE: To assess the challenges and needs of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors in maintaining employment and returning to work (RTW) from the perspectives of both CRC survivors and employers in the United States. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with CRC survivors (n = 10) and employers (n = 4) were transcribed, coded and thematically analysed using NVivo 12 software. RESULTS: Workplace challenges for

read more

Employment outcomes of men treated for prostate cancer

Some organizations recommend prostate cancer screening for men younger than age 65 years, many of whom will be employed when they are diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer. Yet little is known about how prostate cancer and its treatment affect men’s employment status. Consequently, we explored employment outcomes 6 and 12 months after the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

read more

Acute myeloid leukemia: how the uninsured fare

Bradley, C. J., Dahman, B., Jin, Y., Shickle, L. M., Ginder, G. D. African American race and uninsurance are associated with undertreatment and poor survival in solid tumor cancers. This relationship has not been examined in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) where absence...

read more

Supportive health education reduces health care utilization and costs in Latinas with breast cancer and their caregivers

To compare costs and relative cost savings from reductions in unscheduled health services use for two 8-week psychosocial interventions (telephone interpersonal counseling [TIPC], supportive health education [SHE]) delivered by telephone to Latinas with breast cancer and their informal caregivers. Cost information is required before adopting supportive care interventions as part of routine care.

read more
UAB the University of Alabama at Birmingham home
UAB is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer committed to fostering a diverse, equitable and family-friendly environment in which all faculty and staff can excel and achieve work/life balance irrespective of race, national origin, age, genetic or family medical history, gender, faith, gender identity and expression as well as sexual orientation. UAB also encourages applications from individuals with disabilities and veterans.