Found Items

Financial toxicity in patients with gynecologic malignancies: a cross sectional study

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate financial toxicity and assess its risk factors among patients with gynecologic cancers. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study that included 2 survey tools, as well as patient demographics, disease characteristics, and treatment regimen. Financial toxicity is measured by validated Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) tool. Participants were also asked to complete a 55-question-survey on attitudes and

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Financial Toxicity in Women With Breast Cancer Receiving Radiation Therapy: Final Results of a Prospective Observational Study

PURPOSE: We sought to quantify financial toxicity (FT) present in a prospective cohort of women with breast cancer (BC) receiving radiation therapy (RT), identify predictors of FT, correlate FT with health-related quality of life (QoL), and determine whether duration of RT is associated with FT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Consecutive patients with stage I-III BC completed Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-G7 (FACT-G7), a tailored FT questionnaire, and

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Relationship Between Multiple Measures of Financial Hardship and Glycemic Control in Older Adults With Diabetes

Aim: To examine the relationship between multiple measures of financial hardship and glycemic control in older adults with diabetes. Methods: Using data from Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we investigated four measures of financial hardship: difficulty paying bills, ongoing financial strain, decreasing food intake due to money, and taking less medication due to cost. Using linear regression models, we investigated the relationship between each measure,

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Patient-reported financial toxicity, quality of life, and health behaviors in insured US cancer survivors

PURPOSE: Fighting cancer is a costly battle, and understanding the relationship between patient-reported financial toxicity (FT) and health outcomes can help inform interventions for post-treatment cancer survivors. METHODS: Stages I-III solid tumor, insured US cancer survivors (N = 103) completed a survey addressing FT (as measured by the standardized COST measure) and clinically relevant health outcomes (including health-related quality of life

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Willingness to Pay for National Health Insurance: A Contingent Valuation Study Among Patients Visiting Public Hospitals in Melaka, Malaysia

BACKGROUND: The Malaysian public healthcare system is tax funded, with healthcare costs highly subsidized by the Government. The current health financing is not sustainable to cover all the healthcare resources. Introducing a national health insurance (NHI), a prepayment method, would protect the population from financial hardship by reducing out-of-pocket payment, minimizing the barrier to accessing health and achieving equitable healthcare.

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Debt-Related Financial Hardship and Health

Recent research shows personal financial debt is an important socioeconomic determinant of health, but the mechanisms through which it operates are not well understood. This article uses data from a mixed-methods study to explore how changes in spending and behavior that result from debt have salient health consequences in a cross-

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Understanding the strategies rural cancer patients and survivors use to manage financial toxicity and the broader implications on their lives

PURPOSE: To explore strategies rural Australians use to cope with the financial consequences of their cancer diagnosis and how that impacts on their lives. METHODS: Twenty adult cancer patients/survivors residing in regional-remote areas of Australia were purposively sampled and participated in audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews. When data saturation was reached, thematic analysis was employed to analyse the data. RESULTS:

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Adverse Childhood Experiences and Oral Health Outcomes in U.S. Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study of the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health

This study investigated the cross-sectional associations between exposure to nine Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and U.S. children’s and adolescent’s oral health outcomes. Data from 41,294 participants of the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) were analyzed. Past year exposure to ACE, oral health outcomes (decayed teeth, bleeding gums, and condition of the teeth), and child and caregiver sociodemographic factors were

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Systematic review of financial burden assessment in cancer: Evaluation of measures and utility among adolescents and young adults and caregivers

many patients and caregivers. Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer are particularly vulnerable. Financial burden measures exist but have varying evidence for their validity and reliability. The goal of this systematic review is to summarize and evaluate measures of financial burden in cancer and describe their potential utility among AYAs

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A Scoping Review of Behavioral Interventions Addressing Medical Financial Hardship

Little information has been compiled across studies about existing interventions to mitigate issues of medical financial hardship, despite growing interest in health care delivery. The purpose of this qualitative systematic scoping review was to examine content and outcomes of interventions to address medical financial hardship. PRISMA guidelines were applied to present results using PubMed, Scopus, and CINAHL, published between January 1980

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Perceived Financial Insecurity Impacts Healthcare Decision-Making Among Patients With Sinusitis

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The economic burden of sinusitis is significant, and socioeconomic factors can impact patient decision-making. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of perceived financial insecurity on healthcare decision-making and treatment compliance among sinusitis patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using the 2018 National Health Interview Survey. METHODS: Survey responses to nine questions regarding

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Financial Toxicity Following Surgical Treatment for Breast Cancer: A Cross-sectional Pilot Study

BACKGROUND: Despite growing national attention, there is limited understanding of the patient- and treatment-level characteristics related to treatment cost-associated distress (“financial toxicity”) in breast cancer patients. Our aim is to identify risk factors for financial toxicity amongst breast cancer patients undergoing surgical treatment. METHODS: This is a single-institution cross-sectional survey of adult female breast cancer patients who underwent

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Implications of financial toxicity in the lives of cancer patients: a reflection

OBJECTIVE: To reflect on the understanding of financial toxicity, as an adverse event of cancer diagnosis and treatment, and its implications on the quality of life of these patients. METHOD: Reflexive study, based on the international literature about the concept of financial toxicity and its relationship with quality of life. RESULTS: Financial toxicity is related to the financial difficulties associated with cancer and its treatment, which occur in the

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Current state of funded National Institutes of Health grants focused on individuals living with advanced and metastatic cancers: a portfolio analysis

PURPOSE: The National Cancer Institute has supported cancer survivorship science for many years, yet few funded studies have examined the needs of individuals living with cancer that is advanced or has metastasized. This report analyzes currently active National Institutes of Health (NIH) grants focused on survivorship for patients living with advanced or metastatic cancers to identify emerging research topics in this population and gaps in current science.

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Assessing the financial toxicity in Tunisian cancer patients using the Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST)

BACKGROUND: Cancer care-related out-of-pocket expenses and financial toxicity (FT) are a rising burden for patients. We aimed to evaluate patient-reported FT and to identify relevant correlates within a Tunisian population. METHODS: We conducted a survey using the 11-item Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) that could range from 0 = high to 44 = low. FT was grade 0 if ≥ 26, grade 1 = (14-25), grade 2 = (1-13), and grade 3 = 0. Scores

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Considerations for treatment duration in responders to immune checkpoint inhibitors

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have improved overall survival for cancer patients, however, optimal duration of ICI therapy has yet to be defined. Given ICIs were first used to treat patients with metastatic melanoma, a condition that at the time was incurable, little attention was initially paid to how much therapy would be needed for a durable response. As the early immunotherapy trials have matured past 10 years, a significant per cent of patients have

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Racial and ethnic variations in caregiving-related physical, emotional, and financial strain during COVID-19 among those caring for adult cancer patients

PURPOSE: Cancer caregiving is shown to be a burdensome experience in typical times. The purpose of this study was to describe cancer caregivers’ emotional, physical, and financial strain during the COVID-19 pandemic and compared to preCOVID-19, and explore racial and ethnic variations in caregiver strain. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey using Lucid, LLC, incorporating quotas for race, ethnicity, gender and age. Caregivers

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Measures of financial burden for families dealing with serious illness: A systematic review and analysis

BACKGROUND: Many families coping with serious illness report experiencing financial burden, which negatively impacts coping and quality of life. Financial burden, however, is a complex construct that has been inconsistently operationalized in the literature. AIM: To review the available literature to identify, and describe the properties of, measurement tools or scales used to assess financial burden, including financial stress and strain, for families

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QALYs and medical costs saved from prevention of a cancer: Analysis of nation-wide real-world data of Taiwan with lifetime horizon

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To quantify savings of loss-of-QALE (quality-adjusted life expectancy) and lifetime medical costs from prevention of different cancers. METHODS: We collected nation-wide data on 808,700 new cancer cases of 14 different organ systems and followed them from 1998 to 2014 in Taiwan. We also collected 13,005 cancer patients from a medical center and 47,320 repeated measurements of quality of life (QoL) of EQ-5D to obtain

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Emotional well-being and pain could be a greater determinant of quality of life compared to motor severity in cervical dystonia

Non-motor symptoms (NMS) occur in patients with cervical dystonia (CD) but with variable frequencies and impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To define non-motor and motor profiles and their respective impact on HRQoL in CD patients using the newly validated Dystonia Non-Motor Symptoms Questionnaire (DNMSQuest). In an observational prospective multicentre case-control study, we enrolled 61 patients with CD and 61 age- and sex-

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The Out-of-Pocket Cost Burden of Cancer Care-A Systematic Literature Review

BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket costs pose a substantial economic burden to cancer patients and their families. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the literature on out-of-pocket costs of cancer care. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify studies that estimated the out-of-pocket cost burden faced by cancer patients and their caregivers. The average monthly out-of-pocket costs per patient were reported/estimated and

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Mental health of older people with mild and moderate intellectual disability in Australia

BACKGROUND: The progressive increase in life expectancy of people with intellectual disability (ID) has resulted in enhanced survival into old age and has also seen a growth in research on both lifelong and emerging ageing-related health issues. Health issues amongst provider-supported adults have been previously studied, but these studies have not always included older community-dwelling adults with ID. METHODS: A study examining the extent of

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Financial Toxicity in Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer: A Concept Analysis

BACKGROUND: A cancer diagnosis as an adolescent and young adult (AYA) poses exceptional challenges, including potential greater financial toxicity than older survivors experience who have had more time for career establishment and to build financial assets. Costs to patients have increased more than the past decade; prospects for AYA long-term survival have also increased. A better understanding of what financial toxicity is, how it presents, and the

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Out-of-Pocket Costs Among Patients With a New Cancer Diagnosis Enrolled in High-Deductible Health Plans vs Traditional Insurance

IMPORTANCE: The financial burden of a cancer diagnosis is increasing rapidly with advances in cancer care. Simultaneously, more individuals are enrolling in high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) vs traditional insurance than ever before. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the out-of-pocket costs (OOPCs) of cancer care for individuals in HDHPs vs traditional insurance plans. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This retrospective cohort study used the

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The financial impact of cancer care on renal cancer patients

INTRODUCTION Advances in novel treatment options may render renal cell cancer (RCC) patients susceptible to the financial toxicity (FT) of cancer treatment, and the factors associated with FT are unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were ≥ 18 years old and had a diagnosis of stage IV RCC for at least 3 months. Patients were recruited from Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre (Toronto, Canada). FT

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Incidence of Catastrophic Health Expenditure and Its Determinants in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

BACKGROUND: Cancer is the third leading cause of mortality in the world, and cancer patients are more exposed to financial hardship than other diseases. This paper aimed to review studies of catastrophic healthcare expenditure (CHE) in cancer patients, measure their level of exposure to CHE, and identify factors associated with incidence of CHE. METHODS: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis. Several databases were searched until

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Financial worry and psychological distress among cancer survivors in the United States, 2013-2018

BACKGROUND: A growing proportion of cancer survivors experience financial toxicity. However, the psychological burden of cancer costs and associated mental health outcomes require further investigation. We assessed prevalence and predictors of self-reported financial worry and mental health outcomes among cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from the 2013-2018 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults reporting a

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Financial Toxicity in People Living with Advanced Cancer: A New, Deadly, and Poorly Addressed Effect of Cancer and Necessary Treatment

OBJECTIVES: Advances in cancer treatments have allowed improved outcomes, even with advanced disease. However, this progress has resulted in a new toxic effect termed ‘financial toxicity.’ Financial toxicity severely impacts quality of life, even among those insured. The purpose of this article is to gain better understanding of this relatively new concept to better care for our patients, presented primarily from a US perspective. DATA SOURCES:

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Burden of Parkinson’s Disease by Severity: Health Care Costs in the U.S. Medicare Population

BACKGROUND: Current understanding of the health care costs of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and the incremental burden of advanced disease is incomplete. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the direct economic burden associated with advanced versus mild/moderate PD in a prevalent national sample of elderly U.S. Medicare beneficiaries with a PD diagnosis. METHODS: Analyzing 100% fee-for-service Medicare claims from 2013, we

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What’s the Cost? Measuring the Economic Impact of Pediatric Sepsis

Sepsis, life-threatening organ dysfunction secondary to infection, hospitalizes nearly 75,000 children each year in the United States. Most children survive sepsis. However, there is increasing recognition of the longer-term consequences of pediatric sepsis hospitalization on both the child and their family, including medical, psychosocial, and financial impacts. Here, we describe family spillover effects (the impact of illness on caregivers) of pediatric

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The dynamic relationship between cancer and employment-related financial toxicity: an in-depth qualitative study of 21 Australian cancer survivor experiences and preferences for support

BACKGROUND: People with a cancer diagnosis experience physical and emotional impacts that may affect employment. Alongside cancer care costs, reduced ability to generate an income is a key contributor to financial toxicity which is associated with poor emotional wellbeing, quality of life, treatment adherence and survival. This study aimed to explore people’s experiences of changes to employment and their suggestions for how cancer

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Connecting healthcare with income maximisation services, and their financial, health and well-being impacts for families with young children: a systematic review protocol

INTRODUCTION: Poverty has far-reaching and detrimental effects on children’s physical and mental health, across all geographies. Financial advice and income-maximisation services can provide a promising opportunity for shifting the physical and mental health burdens that commonly occur with financial hardship, yet awareness of these

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Financial toxicity in cancer care in India: a systematic review

Although financial toxicity is widely acknowledged to be a potential consequence of costly cancer treatment, little is known about its prevalence and outcome among the Indian population. In this study, we systematically reviewed the prevalence, determinants, and consequences of financial toxicity among patients with cancer in India. 22 studies were included in the systematic review. The determinants of financial toxicity include household income, type of

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Emotional distress among parent caregivers of adolescents with sickle cell disease: Association with patients and caregivers variables

Evidence suggests that impairment in caregiver wellbeing can alter the quality of care in children with sickle cell disease. We examined 121 parent caregivers of adolescents with sickle cell disease for emotional distress and disruptions to caregiver lifestyle and interests. Participants were predominantly mothers 92(76%) with mean age, 43.59 (SD = 6.39) years. Four in every ten caregivers had emotional distress, and this was predicted by frequent

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Financial Hardship and Quality of Life Among Patients With Advanced Cancer Receiving Outpatient Palliative Care: A Pilot Study

BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer are increasingly experiencing financial hardship (FH) and associated negative health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe FH and explore its relationship to quality of life (QOL) in patients with advanced cancer receiving outpatient palliative care (PC). METHODS: Validated questionnaires assessed FH, QOL dimensions, symptom burden, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics

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Supportive health education reduces health care utilization and costs in Latinas with breast cancer and their caregivers

PURPOSE: To compare costs and relative cost savings from reductions in unscheduled health services use for two 8-week psychosocial interventions (telephone interpersonal counseling [TIPC], supportive health education [SHE]) delivered by telephone to Latinas with breast cancer and their informal caregivers. Cost information is required before adopting supportive care interventions as part of routine care. There is limited information on costs of

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Risk factors for financial toxicity in patients with gynecologic cancer

Financial toxicity describes the financial burden and distress that can arise for patients, and their family members, as a result of cancer treatment. It includes direct out-of-pocket costs for treatment and indirect costs such as travel, time, and changes to employment that can increase the burden of cancer. While high costs of cancer care have threatened the sustainability of access to care for decades, it is only in the past 10 years that the term “financial

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Financial toxicity in cancer care: origins, impact, and solutions

Financial toxicity describes the financial burden and distress that can arise for patients, and their family members, as a result of cancer treatment. It includes direct out-of-pocket costs for treatment and indirect costs such as travel, time, and changes to employment that can increase the burden of cancer. While high costs of cancer care have

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Emotional well-being and pain could be a greater determinant of quality of life compared to motor severity in cervical dystonia

Non-motor symptoms (NMS) occur in patients with cervical dystonia (CD) but with variable frequencies and impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To define non-motor and motor profiles and their respective impact on HRQoL in CD patients using the newly validated Dystonia Non-Motor Symptoms Questionnaire (DNMSQuest). In an observational prospective multicentre case-control study, we enrolled 61 patients with CD

read more

The Out-of-Pocket Cost Burden of Cancer Care-A Systematic Literature Review

BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket costs pose a substantial economic burden to cancer patients and their families. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the literature on out-of-pocket costs of cancer care. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify studies that estimated the out-of-pocket cost burden faced by cancer patients and their caregivers. The average monthly out-of-pocket costs per patient were

read more

Financial worry and psychological distress among cancer survivors in the United States, 2013-2018

BACKGROUND: A growing proportion of cancer survivors experience financial toxicity. However, the psychological burden of cancer costs and associated mental health outcomes require further investigation. We assessed prevalence and predictors of self-reported financial worry and mental health outcomes among cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from the 2013-2018 National Health Interview Survey

read more

Patient-reported financial toxicity, quality of life, and health behaviors in insured US cancer survivors

PURPOSE: Fighting cancer is a costly battle, and understanding the relationship between patient-reported financial toxicity (FT) and health outcomes can help inform interventions for post-treatment cancer survivors. METHODS: Stages I-III solid tumor, insured US cancer survivors (N = 103) completed a survey addressing FT (as measured by the standardized COST measure) and clinically relevant health outcomes (including health-

read more

Understanding the strategies rural cancer patients and survivors use to manage financial toxicity and the broader implications on their lives

PURPOSE: To explore strategies rural Australians use to cope with the financial consequences of their cancer diagnosis and how that impacts on their lives. METHODS: Twenty adult cancer patients/survivors residing in regional-remote areas of Australia were purposively sampled and participated in audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews. When data saturation was reached, thematic analysis was employed to analyse the

read more

Relationship Between Multiple Measures of Financial Hardship and Glycemic Control in Older Adults With Diabetes

Aim: To examine the relationship between multiple measures of financial hardship and glycemic control in older adults with diabetes. Methods: Using data from Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we investigated four measures of financial hardship: difficulty paying bills, ongoing financial strain, decreasing food intake due to money, and taking less medication due to cost. Using linear regression models, we investigated the

read more

Economic vulnerability and non-initiation of antiretroviral therapy in India: a qualitative study

In India, many people living with HIV (PLHIV) do not successfully initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) after diagnosis. We conducted a clinic-based qualitative study at the Y.R. Gaitonde Centre for AIDS Research in Chennai, Tamil Nadu to explore factors that influence ART non-initiation. We interviewed 22 men and 15 women; median age was 42 (IQR, 36-48) and median CD4+ was 395 (IQR, 227-601). Participants were

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Assessing the financial toxicity in Tunisian cancer patients using the Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST)

BACKGROUND: Cancer care-related out-of-pocket expenses and financial toxicity (FT) are a rising burden for patients. We aimed to evaluate patient-reported FT and to identify relevant correlates within a Tunisian population. METHODS: We conducted a survey using the 11-item Comprehensive Score for Financial Toxicity (COST) that could range from 0 = high to 44 = low. FT was grade 0 if ≥ 26, grade 1 = (14-25), grade 2 = (1-13)

read more

Supportive health education reduces health care utilization and costs in Latinas with breast cancer and their caregivers

To compare costs and relative cost savings from reductions in unscheduled health services use for two 8-week psychosocial interventions (telephone interpersonal counseling [TIPC], supportive health education [SHE]) delivered by telephone to Latinas with breast cancer and their informal caregivers. Cost information is required before adopting supportive care interventions as part of routine care.

read more
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